If you looking for improving your skin texture than I am sure you would agree with me when I say…
“That we are always in a constant struggle to get and maintain a flawless skin that is smooth, even and soft. However, how much effort we put in, we can never regain our baby-born soft skin.”
This is due to a long list of challenges we have to endure throughout our life cycle like fighting acne during your teens, safeguarding yourself from sun-damage and ever-growing fears of aging skin on your face, to say the least.
So, without being diligent and meticulous about your skincare regimen, you are bound to face skin conditions like uneven and rough skin texture, bumpy face and forehead and even some severe medical skin conditions like acne.
However, improving your skin texture and ultimately getting rid of textured skin should be challenging to gain and maintain but not that difficult to begin with.
All that you need to get a smooth, soft and attractive skin is to be very disciplined in your daily lifestyle choices like your dieting to give the best to feed your skin and strictly adhering to skincare regimes like regular cleansing, exfoliating, moisturizing and protecting from sun damage.
But before we proceed to know how to improve your skin texture, we first need to know what is a skin texture?
What is skin texture?
Basically, in layman terms, skin texture is the general surface condition of your skin i.e how it feels, is it soft, smooth or dry and rough.
Good skin texture is always even, soft and smooth to touch because it is properly hydrated and has good support of healthy skin proteins like collagen and elastin.
On the other hand, a poor or rough skin texture is characterized by dull, dry, coarse and sun affected skin which can easily be felt by simply running your fingers on your face or other body parts like your hands or arms.
What causes uneven and rough skin texture?
As explained above, there are several factors throughout our lives that can take a toll on your skin and cause rough and uneven skin texture. Let’s discuss each of these possible in brief details:
The following are some of the Keys causes of that rough and uneven skin texture on your body.
1. Dehydrated skin
A dehydrated skin that lacks moisture is a common cause of uneven and rough skin texture on your face. This is possible even if you have oily skin but your skin can be dehydrated.
Please note that dehydrated skin is different from dry skin as it is caused by lack of appropriate oil while dehydrated skin is primarily because of insufficient water content in your skin cells according to Anna Guanche, who considers this to be the top reasons for your rough skin concerns.
Hence as a result of this dehydration, your skin starts looking dull, rough and flaky giving you uneven skin texture.
2. Sun damage
This is another common factor contributing to your rough and uneven skin texture.
Essentially, when you have a lot of sun exposure out there, the harmful UVA rays of the sun easily penetrate your deep skin to break apart your skin proteins like collagen and elastin.
When these structure proteins of your skin break apart, the tissues underlying them caves and shrink in pulling your skin pores down and under thus making them sag and appear larger than normal size which imparts a rough and uneven skin figure.
3. Harmful pollution levels
This is another crucial factor responsible for your textured and uneven skin and is even more relevant today than in the past.
Harmful substances in the air can damage your skin in many ways. Like harmful gases can sometimes, not only take away your moisture because of their chemical properties but rob your skin of its water content making it dehydrated and dry in the process thus giving you dry, flaky and textured skin.
4. You genetics
Your genetics is another player in giving you rough and textured skin since not everyone is bestowed with the same type of skin.
For instance, if a person has oily skin that is prone to acne, excess production of sebum would contribute to enlargement of pores sizes thus giving you uneven skin texture.
Similarly, other genetical skin conditions like ichthyosis, eczema, psoriasis and keratosis pilaris are easily prone to dry and rough skin due to their inherent conditions. So, you are not always to blame for your poor skin.
5. High-Stress levels
High psychological stress levels can also cause damage to your skin. Essentially, high-stress levels trigger chemical responses in your body making it more sensitive to outside stimulus and at the same time reactive too.
As a result, stress hormones like cortisol increase in its quantity and triggers abnormal making and secretion of oil which renders your skin oily and as explained above, oily skin prone to acne quickly damage your skin outlook and make it wrinkled, uneven and rough-textured.
6. Your aging levels
Aging is another common factor contributing towards roughening of skin texture and it is very easily understandable. Essentially, the health of our skin is determined by the health of its proteins like collagen.
As we age, our collagen production levels start to gradually decrease so much so that when a normal women reach menopause and perimenopause, the chemical and hormonal changes cause the collagen levels to drop to almost 45% and hence roughness and uneven skin texture creeps in.
Improving skin texture: How to get rid of rough and bumpy skin?
Now you know what is a skin texture, good or bad and the factors associated with it. Now, it’s time to turn your attention towards effective remedies to get rid of rough and bumpy skin on the face and make it soft and smooth.
Best ways to reveal a soft and smooth skin
As I said before, getting back to your baby-smooth skin is not possible, but with your age, keeping your skin smooth and soft-complexioned and blemishes-free is very much doable if you are willing to take care of it.
Below here are given some proven strategies and steps to fix your disappointing uneven and textured skin to reveal the skin of your desires.
1. Fix your diet to fix your textured skin
Literally, you have to believe this if you truly want your skin to be healthy and attractive. You have heard this many times that our bodies are what we eat.
If we feed them adequately, they will respond adequately. Our skin is the largest organ in our bodies and it is nothing but a massive mass of proteins that demands proper care from us.
Junk foods, processed foods, alcohol, sugary drinks, and refined carbs sources can damage our healthy bacteria in our bodies causing a disturbance in our microbiome balance which does not takes time to manifest in the form of damage to our outer skin.
Moreover, since our skin is essentially proteins, so inadequate quantities of required proteins in our diets will slowly manifest itself in the form of our skin damage and very likely giving us rough, flaky, and uneven skin tone.
So you might be wondering, what are the best foods to include in our skincare regimen. Well, foods that are rich in vitamins and antioxidants are very important for your skin health.
For instance, fruits like berries and other vitamin-rich vegetables are very good sources of our skin’s defense against a common problem like free radical damage.
Other important nutrients like vitamins A, C, and zinc, etc are very crucial for our skin repair and health according to a certified dermatologist like Heidi Prather.
Similarly, Fish which is a great source of crucial omega-3 fatty acids are very important for our smooth and even skin tone maintenance.
Best foods for healthy & smooth skin
- Fatty fish
- Green tea
- Dark chocolate
- Sweet potatoes
- Red bell peppers
- Sunflower seeds
2. Get adequate hours of sleep
It is that simple: when you are asleep, your body and especially your skin repairs and recovers itself from a number of stress-causing sources which can take a heavy toll on your skin and overall health if you don’t take a break from the daily grind.
In other words, inadequate sleep can lead to premature aging of your young skin giving you great disappointment if not taken care of.
Also, if you are sleep deprived, you are very much likely to appear by the cursory look on your face, to have your skin which is rough, dry, shrunk in and a lot of scalloping under your eyes.
On the other side, if you are taking adequate hours of sleep, your skin looks plump, fresh, soft and smooth.
Clearly, if skincare is your priority, you need to get adequate hours of sleep which should be at least 7-8 hours in a day to satisfy skin needs and rejuvenate your skin and your body.
3. Always watch out for sun
While this should not be a secret because UV radiation is generally harmful to your skin; As a matter of fact, sun damage is the most common cause of skin problems in older people.
A lifetime of abnormal exposure to slowly but surely damages our skin proteins, college and elastin, thus giving us dull and textured skin according to Hal Weitzbuch.
So, the best possible option for you is to make broad-spectrum sun protection your habit wherever you are, and whatever you are doing i.e whether it is winter or summer. Why?
Because it should be in your general knowledge that about 80% of UV rays can come through clouds cover and can harm you even if you are in your car. While this is general protection in summer where you are always using sun protection while enjoying yourself on the beach.
However, you should not be negligent in winter too, since UV rays can cause damage by first hitting you directly and then bounce off and reflecting to hit you again.
So whether it is summer or winter, holding onto sun protection is crucial for your overall skin health.
Finally, as far as the use of SF factor for sun protection, you are mostly safe with a broad-spectrum SPF 30 to cover both types of UVA and UVB rays.
Moreover, if you find yourself need to remain outside in the sun for longer periods of time, you must aim for at least SPF 50 or higher for best defense against harmful sun.
4. Keep yourself hydrated with adequate moisturization
For most of the skin concerns, moisturizing is your best bet because it adequately fits for most skin types and conditions from balancing out your sebum production to replenishing your lost moisture to prevent dryness and flakiness of your skin.
Essentially a moisturizer in the form of lotions and creams acts as a revival for your dead skin cells and gives a soft and smoother feeling by giving an additional layer of moisturizing oils on the surface.
Moreover, moisturizers have the ability to be more effective given their flexibility to include some of the most useful substances for your skin like retinoid, vitamin c and alpha/beta hydroxy acids to new a few.
However, the choice of moisturizers demands a careful selection since the type of moisturizer can vary depending upon your skin condition, skin type, and your skin sensitivity. This is crucial because choosing the wrong moisturizer can do more harm than good.
In most of the times, gentle and mild hydrating moisturizers like glycerin, ceramides and hyaluronic acid are a good fit for most of your moisturizing needs.
Finally, for optimal results, always use your hydrating moisturizer on a slightly damp and wet skin i.e just after your shower which should be followed by face oil to help lock in water moisture gained through showering.
5. Hydrate your body to keep your skin properly hydrated
While it is important to hydrate your skin from the surface moisturization, deep skin hydration by keeping your overall body well hydrated is equally important too.
On one side, deep hydration of your body is crucial to help your body to flush out harmful toxins from your body.
On the other side, at skin health levels, while maintaining metabolic processes of skin cells more efficient, it keeps your skin cells well hydrated and plumper which makes your skin to appear soft and smooth thus minimizing signs of rough and textured skin.
Regarding the quantity of water intake for your deep body hydration, according to Dr. Guanche, a renowned dermatologist, try drinking at least 7- 10 glasses of water per day.
Moreover, eat a lot of vegetables and fruits of all sorts which does not only contain a sufficient quantity of water but they offer a great variety of healthy nutrients for overall skin health.
6. Make regular exercises your lifestyle habit
While eating a healthy amount of vegetables and fruits, properly hydrating your body and skin does a great help for your skin health, however, for sustained and long term skin and health benefits, regular exercising routine is equally important.
Regular exercising offers the following three important benefits for your skin health.
- Exercise helps to drive more blood to all of your body and especially face which implies an increased supply of skin nutrients and healing effects to your facial skin.
- Regular exercising can also help mitigate inflammation, regulate skin related hormones and keep free radical damage at bay.
- Finally, sweating during exercise is a great way to open up your pores to discharge out ski build up and debris which reveals a healthy, smooth and even skin underneath it.
7. Increase Vitamin C levels of your body
Vitamin C is probably the most important element for your skin health.
Since it is a powerful antioxidant that not only safeguards your skin from environmental hazards, combat pigmentation of your skin but repairs and maintains suppleness and plum of your skin to make it look youthful, soft, smooth and textured free.
Vitamin C rich foods for your skin
- Acerola cherries
- Chili peppers
- Mustard spinach
Or as an equal alternative, you can try some vitamin C supplements.
8. Do regular cleansing and exfoliation
This is the most important step in your efforts to have your dream skin. All other efforts can never be as effective as this one.
Regular cleansing and exfoliation are done at two levels. At first level, a normal level of cleansing can quickly reveal smooth and radiant skin and help get rid of dead skin cells from the surface.
At a deeper level, called Double-cleansing, it can get your skin rid of all sorts of traces of your skin pore-cloggers like grease, dirt, makeup build-up without critically drying up your skin moisture.
This is done primarily in two popular ways which are either chemical or mechanical.
For exfoliating your hands and feet which are normally ignored, the use of just a mildly abrasive scrubs with antioxidant and moisturizing properties is enough to remove roughness and dullness of your skin.
However, in case your skin is sensitive, it is better to apply a layer of mild glycolic acid with a soft puff first before doing abrasive scrubs.
As for your face exfoliation, use of exfoliating agents like salicylic acid, glycolic acid, and lactic acid are your best bets to properly exfoliate our outer layer of your skin since these are very good at removing by dissolving any build-up on face that keeps dead skin cells bound to skin surface giving it dull and rough appearance.
Finally, for exfoliating your lips, simply brushing your lips with slightly warm water will not only help to flake and cracking of lips but would comfortably remove your dead and removable skin cells too.
For taking this to the next level, you need to put a gentle lip scrub before you apply a hydrating lip balm, etc.
This was all about a normal exfoliation that can be done by yourself at home but you have the option to opt for deeper exfoliation which is usually done through a professional dermatologist.
Common types of deep skin exfoliation are:
1. Laser skin resurfacing exfoliation – Basically this advanced procedure makes use of beams of light to improve your skin texture, treat your redness and promotes collagen production and removes unwanted scars and hairs on the body.
Remember to go through this procedure in series because a one- the procedure is not enough to produce your desired results.
2. Dermabrasion and Microdermabrasion exfoliation – Essentially, both treatments involve the removal of the topmost layer of skin to trigger new skin cells formation.
Microdermabrasion is a gentle procedure that can be used on your body parts by making use of fine abrasive particles or a very fine-tipped source of injecting them. Dermabrasion is an advanced level of powerful resurfacing procedure which is not always suitable for all skin types.
3. Chemical peel exfoliation – This kind of exfoliation primarily deals with your skin complexion and helps reduce the appearance of fine lines, skin blemishes, face wrinkles, and aging spots.
If this kind of light chemical peel exfoliation is regularly paired with a chemical peel cream like glycolic acid, this can generate much better results than both types done individually.
Moreover, pairing this procedure with microdermabrasion can produce further effective results.
Home remedies for improving skin texture
You don’t always need a dermatologist to take care of your problematic skin rather there are many home remedies that can be equally effective for dealing with the uneven texture of your face and body. Most of these are your daily life kitchen or cookbook items.
1. Olive oil
There are numerous benefits of olive oil for skin like
- It contains hydroxytyrosol, which is one of the most naturally powerful antioxidants which can be very effective for absorbing free radicals up to 15-20x more than your green tea.
- It has very good anti-microbial characteristics to act as a safeguard for your skin against harmful germs.
- It is full of powerful vitamins A and E to help renew and repair our skin
- Finally, it is very compatible with our skin since it has a lot of similarities to our natural sebum of the skin
It is best to use a few drops of olive oil drops on your slightly damp skin of your face or body right after shower and keep rubbing it until it completely absorbs in your skin.
Cucumber is a very good traditional source of skincare. For ages, it has been used to deal with facial wrinkles, acne scars as a facemask.
It is a great hydrating agent and moisturizer which can lock in moisture and keep you hydrated for a considerable period of time to give your face a soft, smooth and untextured look.
To use cucumber for skin, cut a cucumber into slices and put them under your eyes or face while laying down. After half an hour, remove them and wash your face with lukewarm water to seal the achieved moisture.
Avocado not only nourishes your skin but protects and locks in moisture for your skin. Also, Vitamins A and E found in it are a very good soothing agent for our uneven and burning skin.
Moreover, the sterol found in avocado oil is known for promoting collagen production ( a skin protein) and reducing age spots. Avocado for skin is mainly used as body oil and serums.
Papaya is a wonder fruit for our skin and it offers a range of benefits for our tone and texture.
- Being rich in Vitamin C, it serves as a great source of antioxidants for your skin
- It is very good at reproducing and rejuvenating papain enzymes which have great beautifying properties for your skin.
- Overall, it is a wonderful asset to have for your improved skin tone and texture.
It is best to use it as a mashed papaya slice and applied directly to your skin. After applying on your skin, take a sitting for at least 15-20 minutes and then remove it by washing with lukewarm water.
5. Lemon juice
Lemon juice is a very powerful and traditional home recipe for a lot of your skin concerns. This is because of the following list of great benefits it offers.
- Due to is great astringent properties, it is a great natural treatment for your skin blemishes and dark spots to make your complexion glow up.
- Being rich in Vitamin C, a widely used nutrient, it acts as a great antioxidant and can quickly improve your skin tone and texture by reducing the visibility of your wrinkles or acne scars.
Lemon juice is most effective when it is mixed with few drops of olive oil and applied on the slightly wet skin surfaces. After applying, leave it as it for at least 20-25 minutes before removing with slightly lukewarm water with a soft cloth.
Banana is a real powerhouse for your skin since it has a lot of skin tone and texture improving benefits ranging from nourishing and revitalizing your skin to prevent more serious skin concerns like breakouts.
To get the best of it for your skin, take a banana and make a fine mash out it and apply gently and directly to your face or skin. Finally, take about 10-15 minutes while it is on your face before you remove it with lukewarm water.
To make it more effective, you can use a gentle moisturizer to seal the skin-beneficial ingredients and moisture into your skin.
Tomato is another great source for improving your skin tone and texture as it is very helpful in dealing with blemishes, spots and acne scars on your skin.
Since it is a very good source of Vitamin C, it has antioxidant properties to protect your skin from free radical damage to keep your skin protected to give it even, smooth and soft texture.
To use it for your skin benefits, extract its juice and apply directly to your skin surface. After letting it there for at least 20-25 minutes, wash it off with slightly lukewarm water.
This was all about best home remedies for improving your skin tone and texture, but this is incomplete if you don’t stick to a good skincare routine which is directly aimed at addressing your skin tone and texture concerns.
Best Skincare routine for textured skin to make it smooth and soft
What are the ingredients of a good skincare routine?
Your skincare routine is not possible without these important components of skincare. You would be using these resources to make a full routine for yourself. These are…
- A good quality cleanser
- A good quality moisturizer
- A broad SF sunscreen
- A gentle exfoliant
- A cup of plain yogurt
- Olive oil
- And fatty acids sources like Omega-3 and Omega-6
Best Skincare routine steps
Step 1 – Use a good cleanser – Start by washing off your face with a gentle cleanser for at least a couple of times a day depending upon your skin type.
For normal or dry skin, it is best to wash with a cleanser at night and wash it off in the morning while other skin types like an oilier skin, are free to wash your face twice a day, in the morning while you are starting your day and at night before going to bed for best results for your skin.
However, never try rubbing your skin with a harsh and abrasive cleanser because it can cause dryness and itchy irritation.
Step 2 – Use a gentle moisturizer – Just like a cleanser applied twice daily, pat applies a gentle moisturizer twice a day, both in the morning and at night after giving your face a lukewarm wash. However, don’t try to rub or tug hard which can cause serious irritation for your skin.
Step 3 – Use Sunscreen – Sun damage is one of the most common causes of damaged tone and texture of your skin.
Without sunscreen, any type of skincare routine is bound to fail miserably, because if you are not taking care of your skin while you are out, you are bound to serious damage to your skin.
So, make it a habit to use a sunscreen of at least SPF 15 or more on your neck, face or any skin part that is normally exposed to the sun. You should always look for titanium dioxide or zinc oxide in a good facial sunscreen.
Step 4 – Exfoliate at least twice a week Skin exfoliation is a very important part of a skincare routine.
By using gentle exfoliants like glycolic acids, alpha/beta hydroxy acids or certain fruit enzymes with physical exfoliants like a soft brush or smooth scrub, you are perfectly on your path to get a flawless, soft, smooth and textured free skin.
However, for oily skin types, you can exfoliate daily but if your skin starts getting irritated, you need to take a break from your daily practice of exfoliating.
Step 5 – Use a moisturizing face mask at least once a week – The use of a moisturizing mask must be another important part of your good skincare routine.
For a good moisturizing mask, plain greek yogurt is a very good choice as it is a very good moisturizer and has a gentle exfoliant like lactic acid.
Take about 2 tbsp of plain greek yogurt and create a layer mask on your face and neck and leave it there.
After about 20-25 minutes, wash it off with lukewarm water. For better results out of your face masking effort, adding a few drops of honey with yogurt can be very beneficial for your skin
Step 6 – hydrate yourself daily properly – Hydration is very important for your youthful-looking skin as it keeps your skin cells plump and full. Try drinking at least 7-8 ounces glasses of water daily.
Step 7 – Eat only skin-healthy foods – Healthy skin foods are the lifeline of your skincare efforts because without skin healthy foods like fatty acids found in Omega 3 or 6 fatty acids to fight skin inflammation.
Other foods for your healthy skin are:
- Fatty fish
- Green tea
- Dark chocolate
- Sweet potatoes
- Red bell peppers
- Sunflower seeds